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Germany how to put power into the cage system   in the western countries [复制链接]

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只看楼主 倒序阅读 使用道具 楼主  发表于: 2015-04-17
Germany how to put power into the cage system   in the western countries, Germany is a relatively clean country, 2012, Transparency International's corruption perceptions index would be thirteenth.  the German government clean and perfect the power restriction and supervision system is not divided.  to establish a strict civil service recruitment and management system. People want to work in public institutions, must go through a strict review. Adhere to the faithful and honest, industrious and serious, through open recruitment, strict examination, and the oath of loyalty to the country and the Civil Code behavior. In many states in the laws and regulations, the provisions of the implementation of more stringent inspection system, regardless of whether the violations occurred, the higher authorities should regularly check on the overall work of the subordinate department. In order to prevent the corruption of civil service positions, Germany implemented risk assessment, rotation system, government officials including anticorruption staff 5 years to the exchange of rotation. During the post if found violations, removed from the current position immediately. The German government requirements, all of the acts of the civil service must be open, every civil servant should be prepared to accept the supervision and investigation ready. The reason for that decision, the decision process for the record, and the requirement to specify the time, place, there is no superior influence, whether on behalf of my wishes and other information. Civil enforcement is to report, signed, and longterm preservation, to record the hair as evidence, convenient accountability. The establishment of the power decomposition and control system. As a major construction project bidding, the fiscal expenditure, the larger police official duties, must be more than two people together, can not act alone, the black box operation; the design of the system, a lot of work must also be a number of departments to participate in the work. The German Civil Code stipulates that the personnel engaged in official business can not engage in a second job, such as the need to work a second job, to be approved by the competent departments at the next higher level, otherwise, must be ordered to resign.  set strict limits on accepting gifts and benefits system. All public officials may not be accepted from any form of gifts and donations in any way. For the civil servants accepting gifts to 15 euros as the boundary, government officials must be more than 15 euros worth of gifts to. Germany on the rights and obligations of civil service and benefits made very detailed provisions on all public officials, including family members shall not be accepted from any aspect of any kind, gifts. This provision from the president and prime minister to the ordinary civil servants, without exception. The system of power supervision and complete . First, from the perspective of administrative supervision, government departments at all levels have internal supervision mechanism and the anticorruption work contacts Commissioner, such as the discovery of the phenomenon of corruption, will report to their superiors, to reflect more serious procuratorate. The Audit Commission is special supervision organs of the German government. The work carried out in accordance with the law, independent of the legislative, executive and judicial. Audit institutions audit every 5 years on average to government departments and public institutions a. Second.